Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped Modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by the horror of WW 1. Modernism ejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and many modernists rejected religious belief
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* early twentieth-century loose group of modern artist focused on very bold cold and a linear perspective
* emphasized visual brush strokes and strong, bold contrasting color
*rejected the values retained by Impressionism ( non linear)
*name originates from the word fauves- wild beast- because of the shockingly bright color
*art has expressive or emotional ends
One of the most influential visual art styles of the early twentieth century. It was created by Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) and Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963) in Paris between 1907 and 1914.
*Captured a depiction by showing it from multiple points of view and at different times. So, they abandoned the idea of a single fixed viewpoint and instead used a multiplicity of viewpoints. The object was then reassembled out of fragments of these different views, rather like a complex jigsaw puzzle.
* Flat and Two- Dimensional
*Rejected Chiaroscuro and Linear perspective= realistic depictions of the world
*Fragmentation and Rearrangement of form
* Depict the the intellectual idea and its relationship to forms and figures
*Renounced the stiff bourgeois social values that prevailed at the turn of the 20th century, and rejecting the stale traditions of the state-sponsored art academies,
*Expressionist artists turned to boldly simplified or distorted forms and exaggerated, sometimes clashing colors
Dada or Dadaism was a form of artistic anarchy born out of disgust for the social, political and cultural values of the time. It embraced elements of art, music, poetry, theatre, dance and politics. Dada was not so much a style of art like Cubism or Fauvism; it was more a protest movement with an anti-establishment manifesto.
Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself and/or an idea
* Originated out of Dadaism
*Focus on Dreams & the Unconscious mind
*Explore inner fantasy world
*Inspired by Freud & Jung